Milena Rampoldi, ProMosaik e.V. – What Jeff Clarkson wrote us about himself: “My name’s jeff Clarkson. I am a native American translator born in Canada (Montréal) where I learned French as my second mother tongue which I spoke in my entire childhood. I am perfectly bilingual and I love learning languages ; that’s why I learned Spanish, German, Portuguese and Italian.
Milena Rampoldi: What are the principal linguistic and intercultural problems for translators into and from the languages you handle?
—> the use of machine translation
—> problems of metaphors, idioms and culture-bound content.
—> Updating glossaries with new words.
—> localizing words (e.g Brazilian protuguese or Europe Portuguese)
MR: What do you think is important to promote intercultural dialogue?
—> learning as much as possible about the target culture
—> avoid stereotypes and ethnocentrism
—> acceptng others as they are
—> avoiding value judgement
MR: How can translations improve communication between peoples and promote a culture of inclusion and peace?
—> by making content available for humanity in all languages
—> learning other languages means learning other cultures and being ‘in’, not out.
—> creating a platform for communication and mutual understanding
MR: How can you explain to foreigners how different your native language is?
—> giving examples
—> comparing it to theirs
—> speaking it and showing them the difference
MR: How can you teach your language to foreigners in the best way?
—> talk to them about the usefulness of such an endeavor first.
—> focus on listening skills to let them grasp the musicality of the language
—> teach them basic things gradually
MR: What are the principal problems translators have when they have to translate into a European language?
—> problems of equivalence (hard to find an equivalent sometimes, so we paraphrase)
—> hard to adapt to a specific locale (French (France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, etc)
—> rates are high so it’s difficult to afford a competent translator
MR: What does intercultural awareness and intercultural empathy mean to you?
Cultural empathy means adopting the culture of the target people as one’s own.